religious


religious
religious adj
1 *devout, pious, pietistic, sanctimonious
Analogous words: *faithful, staunch, steadfast, true: virtuous, righteous, noble, *moral, ethical: *upright, just, honorable, honest
Antonyms: irreligious
Contrasted words: ungodly, godless (see IRRELIGIOUS)
2 spiritual, *holy, sacred, divine, blessed
Antonyms: secular (of schools, journals, authorities): profane (of music, drama)
religious n Religious, monk, friar, nun all mean a member of a religious order whose members are bound by the monastic vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience and who lead to a greater or lesser extent a cloistered life.
Religious is the comprehensive term applicable either to a man or a woman; it implies a living apart from the world either in a cloistered community formed of members of the same order or as a hermit (see RECLUSE) under the governance of the superior of an order.
Monk in general use may designate a male religious; in precise technical use the term applies to a member of a religious order for men (as the Benedictine or Cistercian order) whose members live an ascetic life in a cloistered community, and devote themselves mainly to contemplation and prayer and liturgical observances, and to some assigned and usually scholarly, artistic, or scientific employment.
Friar applies to a member of a mendicant order under whose original regulations neither personal nor community tenure of property was allowed and whose members lived by alms and wandered from place to place preaching the Gospel and administering the sacraments or to a member of an order patterned after them, whether he lives as a mendicant or in a cloistered community and whether he serves as a pastor, a curate, a missionary, a preacher, or a teacher.
Nun applies only to a female religious; since there are no terms to distinguish nuns according to the severity of their disçipline, the rigor of their cloistered life, and the nature of their duties, the word is generally applied to any member of a religious order of women who devote themselves to prayer, con-templation, and work, and may wear a habit.

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • Religious — Re*li gious (r? l?j ?s), a. [OF. religius, religious, F. religieux, from L. religiosus. See {Religion}.] 1. Of or pertaining to religion; concerned with religion; teaching, or setting forth, religion; set apart to religion; as, a religious… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • religious — [ri lij′əs] adj. [OFr < L religiosus] 1. characterized by adherence to religion or a religion; devout; pious; godly 2. of, concerned with, appropriate to, or teaching religion [religious books] 3. belonging to a community of monks, nuns, etc.… …   English World dictionary

  • religious — early 13c., from Anglo Fr. religius, O.Fr. religious (12c., Mod.Fr. religieux) or directly from L. religiosus, from religio (see RELIGION (Cf. religion)). Transferred sense of scrupulous, exact is recorded from 1590s …   Etymology dictionary

  • religious — [adj1] concerning belief in divinity believing, born again*, canonical, churchgoing, churchly, clerical, deistic, devotional, devout, divine, doctrinal, ecclesiastical, god fearing, godly, holy, ministerial, moral, orthodox, pietistic, pious,… …   New thesaurus

  • Religious — Re*li gious, n. A person bound by monastic vows, or sequestered from secular concern, and devoted to a life of piety and religion; a monk or friar; a nun. Addison. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • religious — index sacrosanct, solemn Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • religious — ► ADJECTIVE 1) of, concerned with, or believing in a religion. 2) treated or regarded with care and devotion appropriate to worship. ► NOUN (pl. same) ▪ a person bound by monastic vows. DERIVATIVES religiously adverb religiousness noun …   English terms dictionary

  • religious — religiously, adv. religiousness, n. /ri lij euhs/, adj., n., pl. religious. adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or concerned with religion: a religious holiday. 2. imbued with or exhibiting religion; pious; devout; godly: a religious man. 3. scrupulously… …   Universalium

  • religious — 1. adjective /ɹɪˈlɪdʒəs/ a) Concerning religion. It is the job of this court to rule on legal matters. We do not consider religious issues. b) Committed to the practice of religion. I was much more religious as a teenager than I am now. See Also …   Wiktionary

  • religious — I. adjective Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo French religius, from Latin religiosus, from religio Date: 13th century 1. relating to or manifesting faithful devotion to an acknowledged ultimate reality or deity < a religious person > <… …   New Collegiate Dictionary